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ASME Water Storage Tank Products

Hubbell Storage Tank

ASME & Non ASME designs
Hydrastone Cement Lined
Vertical or Horizontal

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ASME Water Storage Tank Products

Description

The Hubbell ASME Water Storage Tank incorporates a number of features not found in other conventional tanks which makes it better suited to resist the highly corrosive effects of hot water. Hubbell can build a storage tank to suit any demand, water type or area classification is a superior storage vessel which utilizes a specially formulated Hydrastone cement lining, Non-Ferrous threaded tank openings all of which ensure a longer lasting and energy efficient water heater.

Features

Heavy Duty Construction

  • Hydrastone cement lining provides long tank life
  • Copper-silicon tappings cannot rust or corrode
  • High impact composite jacket eliminates damage during installation and transit and cannot rust or corrode

High Efficiency

  • 2" thick insulation reduces heat loss
  • Built-in heat trap lowers operating costs

Versatile

  • Full range of sizes, vessel construction and optional features to meet your exact water heating needs
  • Extra tappings & locations customized to your needs

Reliable

  • Full five (5) year Non Pro-rated tank warranty is standard
  • Full ten (10) year Non Pro-rated tank warranty can be specified for extended protection

Specifications

TankHydrastone Cement Lined Steel
Capacities6 thru 5000 Gallons
OrientationVertical and Horizontal
Inlet Size1 1/2" Female NPT
Outlet Size1 1/2" Male NPT
Drain Size1 1/2" GHT
Relief Valve Size1 1/2" Female NPT
Relief Valve TypeT&P, 210°F, 150 ps
Design TP300 psi
Design WP150 psi
Insulation* Model E: 2" Polyurethane Foam * Model E: 3" Polyurethane Foam
Tank Warranty* Standard: 5 Year Non Pro-Rated * Optional: 10 Year Non Pro-Rated
JacketHigh Impact Colorized Composite or Other
ApprovalscULus, UL EPH ANSI / NSF5
Finish150°F
General Specifications (Non-ASME)
Tank

The Hubbell tank is all welded heavy steel construction designed for 150 psi working pressure and tested to 300 psi. Each tank is centrifugally lined with 1/2" thick seamless high density Hydrastone cement with guaranteed 100% coverage of all steel surfaces. All tank openings are non-ferrous metals and are resistant to the corrosive effects of hot water.

Plumbing

3/4" combination water inlet and drain, with non-corrosive strata flow diffuser which prevents incoming water from mixing too rapidly with the hot water in the tank and assures delivery of more hot water - not lukewarm water. A 3/4" hot water outlet with a uniquely designed built-in heat trap prevents heated water from radiating through the piping during standby periods.

Insulation

Highly efficient thick polyurethane foam insulation meets or exceed the requirements of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2007 standards for energy efficiency and heat loss.

Jacket

The exterior protective jacket is constructed from high impact composite material which cannot rust or corrode and does not require painting.

General Specifications (Non-ASME)
Vessel Construction

 

  • All welded carbon steel vessel designed and built in strict accordance with the ASME Code Section VIII and stamped, certified and registered with the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors
  • All internal tank surfaces are lined with a minimum of 5/8" thick Hydrastone cement for superior protection and tank longevity
  • Designed for 125 psi working pressure and hydrostatically tested at 188 psi (1 1/2 times the WP)

 

General

 

  • Heavy duty 2" thick fiberglass blanket insulation covers 100% of the pressure vessel for maximum operating efficiency and minimal standby heat loss
  • Heavy gauge galvanized steel protective jacket with both top and bottom heads keep insulation in place and protected to ensure high efficiency during operation
  • Entire vessel is supported on heavy duty integrally welded steel supports for sturdy floor mounting
  • Full five (5) year Non Pro-Rated tank warranty and one (1) year electrical component warranty
  • Bronze ASME rated combination temperature and pressure safety relief valve set at the vessel working pressure and 210°F

Outline Dimensions (Non-ASME)

ASME Water Storage Tank Diagram

Outline Dimensions (ASME Vessel) - Model SH (Vertical)

ASME Water Storage Tank Diagram 2
ASME Water Storage Tank Chart
ASME Water Storage Tank Chart 2

Note: All dimensions are approximate and subject to change. Please reference the submittal drawing for actual dimensions. The tank selections above are shown for convenience. A full selection of storage capacities is available by entering the desired capacity into the model number.
*80, 120 and 150 gallon tanks do not come equipped with a manway. Please consult factory if desired on these sizes. 

Outline Dimensions (ASME Vessel) - Model H (Horizontal)

ASME Water Storage Tank Diagram 3

Options

Optional Equipment

  • Steel wall shelf for 6 thru 40 gallon models
  • Combination temperature and pressure gauge: 2.5" dial, 70-250°F, 0-200 psi - specify if installed in tank or shipped loose for in line installation
  • Alternate inlet and outlet water connections
  • Solid (Copper-Alloy, Type 304L, Type 316L stainless steel) storage tank for maximum tank life
  • Full 10 Year Non Pro-Rated tank warranty
  • Integrally welded seismic attachment points
  • ASME tank construction
  • Horizontal construction available
  • Foam insulation 3" thick for improved operating efficiency
  • Skid mounting on heavy duty all welded I Beam
  • Type 304 stainless steel protective jacket, specify if painted
  • Field removable (knocked-down) outer jacket
  • Alternate insulation system
  • Manway 12" x 16" size
  • Inspection opening 3" NPT size
  • Heat Treatment od S.S. Vessel

FAQs

Can a timer be installed on my Hubbell water heater?

Water heater timers are devices that provide automatic control of electric water heaters. They can be programmed to turn a water heater off or on at times typically set by your local utility. Your local electric utility may have in place an “Off-Peak” or Time-of-Use (TOU) rates which offer a customer the incentive to consume power during certain periods of the day. The Hubbell Model E is available with various timer control options, ranging from programmable 7 day timers to utility specific devices that control the water heater.

What temperature should I set my water heater?

For typical domestic potable hot water service the temperature of your water heater at 125°F is sufficient. This prevents wasted energy (which means cost savings for you) and also decreases the possibility of scalding water burns. If you run out of hot water on this setting, increase the temperature by five degrees incrementally until your hot water needs are met. The goal is to have the temperature set just high enough to meet your needs but within safe operating parameters. Please note that a water heater in and of itself should not be relied upon as the ultimate temperature controlling source for the hot water delivered to your fixtures. Please consult local and state codes for installation of the proper and code approved (ASSE 1016, 1070, 1017) mixing devices to achieve the safe delivery of hot water to the fixtures. For a more complete information please download the whitepaper PDF titled "Understanding Potential Water Heater Scald Hazards" developed by ASSE at the following link ASSE Whitepaper

What is the average life of an electric water heater?

The most important factor related to the life expectancy of a water heater is the quality and type of storage tank. On an average the life expectancy of a glass lined electric water heater is about 10-12 years (according to the National Association of Home Builders 2007 Study of Life Expectancy of Home Components http://www.nahb.org/fileUpload_details.aspx?contentID=99359 ), compared to a cement lined electric water heater’s average life expectancy of 23-26 years (Independent study of over 25,000 installations for an Electric Utility). Of course, there are various other factors that affect longevity including pressure fluctuations, usage, water conditions, environmental conditions, etc.

Is it OK to use softened water with my cement lined tank?

Yes it is OK. A water softener system will not affect the longevity or operation of a Hubbell cement lined water heater tank. A water softener is typically installed when a potable water system has hard water resulting in the need to soften the water. Unfortunately, the salt used in a water softener corrodes the anode rod and exposed steel surfaces of the water heater tank, rapidly causing a glass lined water heater to corrode and leak within a few years. This is an issue for a glass lined water heater due to its reliance on a sacrificial anode, however because a cement lined tank does not use a sacrificial anode softened water is of no concern to the Hubbell cement lined tank.

What is a sacrificial anode and does a cement lined tank need one?

All water heaters constructed using a steel tank requires a lining to protect the internal steel surfaces from corrosion. Certain linings (i.e. glass and epoxy), due to their nature, have unavoidable holes and imperfections resulting in exposure of the steel tank. As a result of this deficiency, the manufacturer will install an anode rod(s) in an attempt to delay corrosion of the steel tank. An anode rod is typically made of aluminum, magnesium or zinc, is a maintenance item that requires periodic inspection and replacement, and is often times the cause of a “rotten egg” odor to your hot water. Often referred to as a sacrificial anode rod because, over time, it slowly dissolves, sacrificing itself as it is attacked by aggressive substances in the water which would otherwise attack the steel tank through the pinholes and imperfections of the glass or epoxy lining. A cement lined steel tank on the other hand does not require an anode because of the thickness and guaranteed 100% coverage of the cement lining over all internal surfaces of the steel tank. This eliminates the need for an anode rod in a cement lined water heater, resulting in a significantly longer life compared to a glass or epoxy lined water heater. For a further discussion please click on the following link Cement Lining

What is the max water temperature setting?

The Hubbell cement lined tank is suitable for storing water up to 194°F. However, it should be noted that your water heater will likely require optional control accessories to achieve this temperature, but there is no concern regarding the ability of the lining to withstand this temperature. Additionally, there are numerous safety concerns that must be considered when storing water at elevated temperature, please consult factory.

Which is better for me, a tankless or storage type water heater?

It depends. A tankless water heater is sometimes referred to as a Point-of-Use (POU) or instantaneous water heater. Due to the relative small physical size of a tankless water heater compared to a storage tank water heater, a tankless option can be advantageous from a space saving perspective and can sometimes be installed closer to where you want hot water (hence the term POU). However, tankless heaters are not suited for many applications, so it is critical that before choosing to go tankless you have carefully considered all of the factors that sometimes make the tankless option more complicated and risky compared to a storage type water heater. In particular, you should understand the operational characteristics, maintenance requirements, reparability, and sometimes significant installation requirements of a tankless water heater before making a decision. Tankless units do not store heated water like a storage type water heater; they only heat water as there is demand and therefore must be sized to meet the maximum flow for the application. In some cases a tankless water heater may improve operating efficiency, but possibly at the expense of user comfort. Hubbell tankless water heaters are available inElectric Tankless or Gas Tankless.

Is there a cold water dip tube in the Hubbell tank?

Not exactly. The Hubbell cement lined tank includes a cold water diffuser integrated into the cold water connection which allows incoming cold water to be introduced into the tank in a controlled and non turbulent manner, thus avoiding premature mixing of cold water with the hot water in the tank. On Hubbell cement lined tanks the cold water inlet/diffuser is located on the side in the lower portion of the tank. Therefore, a Hubbell cement lined tank does not require a long dip tube extending all the way from the top to the bottom of the tank as is common in glass lined tanks.

How does my water heater ship?

All Hubbell storage type water heaters ship via common carrier and are classified by the Commodity Classification Standards Board under National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) class 100. Each water heater is palletized and wood crated. All Hubbell tankless water heaters, when transported using common carrier, ship class 77.5. To provide the lowest transportation cost, in most cases the shipment is made on Hubbell’s account and the freight cost is added to the invoice, commonly referred to as “Pre pay and add”. For very large shipments, the most economical method (LTL or Dedicated Truck) for transporting the water heaters to the final destination will be analyzed by Hubbell's transportation department.

Why is Hydrastone Cement a better choice over glass lining?

Cement lining provides guaranteed 100% coverage with a minimum thickness of 0.5” over all internal tank surfaces. In comparison, glass lining is approximately 0.005” thick and includes imperfections, pinholes and variation in coverage thickness resulting in portions of unprotected steel tank exposed to corrosion. In an attempt to compensate, glass lined tanks include a sacrificial anode in an effort to slow down the corrosion of the tank. Cement lined tanks on the other hand do not require an anode due to the integrity of the lining. As such, a cement lined tank will far outlast a glass lined tank. For a more complete explanation of the benefits of the Hubbell cement lining please click on the following link Cement Lining

The heater will be installed in Canada, what is CRN?

All provinces of Canada have adopted the ASME Code and require vessels to be stamped with a provincial registration number in addition to the ASME symbol and National Board stamping. Before construction begins, one requirement has to be met in all provinces of Canada. We must submit blueprints and specification sheets in triplicate of all designs for approval and registration by the chief inspector of the province in which the vessel is to be used. After the chief inspector receives the drawings, they are checked by an engineer to determine their compliance with the Code and also with provincial regulations. A CRN number is assigned and must be stamped on the vessel in addition to the ASME symbol and National Board stamping. Once the design has been approved and registered, any number of vessels of that design can be built and used in the province where it was approved. This process is repeated for each province. The Canadian provinces also require their own manufacturer's affidavit form, with the registration number and the shop inspector's signature on the data sheets. Finally, when a vessel is delivered to a purchaser in Canada, an affidavit of manufacturer bearing registration number and the signature of the authorized shop inspector must be sent to the chief inspector of the province for which it is intended.

What is the delivery time?

In most cases the delivery time for a Hubbell water heater is approximately 10 weeks after release for production, but can be 16 weeks or more depending upon the particular requirements of your application. However, there are various sizes and configurations which Hubbell has in stock for “Quick Ship” (as early as next day t to 2 weeks) to accommodate situations that require shorter delivery. Please consult with your Hubbell Sales Engineer to discuss delivery times for your application.

Why is a cement lined tank a better choice than stainless steel tank?

In almost all cases, a cement lined steel tank is a more robust tank compared to stainless steel. The weakness of a stainless steel tank is in the materials susceptibility to SCC (Stress Corrosion Cracking) caused by chlorides, bromides, iodides and fluorides in the water. The combination of residual stresses from welding, roll forming and stamping, and the cyclic stress from operating in a hot water system are sources of tensile stress, that when above a certain threshold stress, will make a stainless steel water heater tank susceptible to stress corrosion cracking. Cement lined steel tanks are not susceptible to this condition, and therefore are more resistant to corrosion and withstand the pressure and temperature cyclical operation of a water heater.

What type and size relief valve should be installed on my equipment?

The type of relief valve to be installed depends on the intended purpose of the equipment (heater or storage vessel), the medium (steam, air/gas, or liquid), the design temperature of the medium, the vessel code of construction (ASME Section I, IV, or VIII), and local plumbing codes. Local plumbing code take precedence. For more information see the following PDF flowchart here. The sizing of a relief valve depends on the desired operating pressure (not to exceed the rated pressure of the vessel), the type of relief valve (applicable ASME Code compliance as determined above), the medium in the vessel, the required relieving capacity (based on heat input, mass flow rate, or volumetric flow rate), and the relief valve manufacturer's specifications. When supplied with the above information, Hubbell can recommend a manufacturer's model and size.

Is this model approved by Massachusetts?

For the current listing of all Hubbell models approved by the Massachusetts Board of Plumbers and Gas Fitters please see the chart below or visit the website directly at http://license.reg.state.ma.us/pubLic/pl_products/pb_product.asp?mnf_id=2779.
MA Plumbing Approval NumberHubbell ModelExpiration Date
P3-0914-61HD, J, V, PS, SLN, T9/3/2017
P1-1114-201EMV, CR, R, JTX, ETX, TX11/5/2017
P3-0813-66CE110, SE, E, HE, SH, H8/7/2016
G1-0813-4GX, DGX, JBX, JGX, CX8/7/2016

Is 277 volt 3 phase voltage available for a water heater?

For all water heaters 277V is only an available option in 1PH, not 3PH. The 277V 1PH voltage is a derivation of your existing 480V 3Ph power. Where 480V is the line to line voltage on a 3 phase system and 277V is the voltage from any one of these lines to neutral, thus making the 277V power available in 1PH only.

What is the R value of a Hubbell water heater?

Hubbell uses a blown-in polyurethane foam insulation for all cement lined water heaters and tanks up to 150 gallon capacity. This insulation has an R value of 7.2 per inch. Most Hubbell tanks have a minimum of 2 inches of insulation resulting in an R value of 14. Certain models are available either standard or as an option with 3 inch insulation and therefore have an R value of 21. Large storage water heater tanks over 150 gallon capacity and custom made stainless steel or alloy tanks have either 2" or 3" fiberglass insulation with an R value of 3.5 per inch.

Why Hubbell recommends 300 series versus duplex stainless steel?

While it is true that duplex stainless steel typically offers higher strength and resistance to Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) and chloride corrosion compared to austenitic (300 series) stainless steel, there are other factors that ultimately make it a less desirable choice compared to 300 series stainless steel. Duplex stainless steel makes up only 1% of the stainless steel market making it less readily available and higher cost especially in flanges, fittings and formed parts such as tank heads. While it is commonly stated that this added expense is offset by the ability to use material that is thinner due to the higher strength, this only applies to very large tanks where a reduction results in using a lower common plate thickness. As an example, a thickness reduction of 25% for a tank that is 3/16" thick in 300 series stainless steel still results in using the common 3/16" thick plate size in duplex stainless steel. The higher strength of duplex also has the negative result of decreased formability and machinability, adding cost to the fabrication and production process. In terms of welding, duplex stainless steel presents many problems in maintaining the proper two phase mixture which commonly leads to issues in the Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) such as loss of corrosion resistance, toughness, and post-weld cracking. This is true in all duplex stainless steel welding processes including TIG, MIG and Laser. By comparison the process of welding austenitic stainless steel is much more forgiving. The main weakness of austenitic stainless steel is its susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) and chloride corrosion. Three factors that all must all be present cause this type of corrosion: elevated heat, the presence of chlorides, and residual stresses. In water heaters elevated heat and the presence of chlorides cannot be controlled. However, post-weld heat treating in a vacuum furnace followed by cooling in an inert atmosphere relieves the residual stresses in austenitic stainless steel tanks and therefore eliminates the susceptibility to this corrosion. For this reason, this post-weld heat procedure is performed on all Hubbell stainless steel tanks. The heat treating process is highly controlled and verifiable, unlike the difficult to control process of welding duplex stainless steel. Therefore, Hubbell offers stainless steel tanks fabricated from the 300 series (typically Type 304L or 316L) only, as this is a far more proven and verifiable material and fabrication process which will result in longer tank life. Of course, an alternative option is to specify the Hubbell cement lined steel tank which also provides a considerably longer life and is a more economical solution compared to duplex stainless steel and 300 series stainless steel.

Do Hubbell water heaters qualify as Low Lead?

Yes, all Hubbell water heater models qualify as meeting the low lead requirements of the “Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act” amendment to the “Safe Drinking Water Act” (SDWA) Section 1417(d) effective as of January 4, 2014. Hubbell certifies that its water heaters meet the following requirements of the SDWA and therefore are qualified and certified as Low Lead : (a)Hubbell water heater do not contain more than 0.2 percent lead with respect to solder and flux (b)Hubbell water heaters do not contain more than a weighted average of 0.25 percent lead with respect to all wetted surfaces of the water heater

Can my cement lined tank be damaged during installation and handling?

Although we don’t advocate dropping our tanks sometimes stuff happens. The Hubbell Hydrastone cement lining is a minimum of 1/2"thick (100 times thicker than a glass lined tank) and is guaranteed to uniformly cover 100% of all internal tank surfaces. Basically the Hubbell cement lining is a tank within a tank and should have no problem withstanding the rigors of shipping and installation. Although not necessry, you can specify an optional hand hole on our smaller tanks (150 gallon and under) to provide a means for inspection and repair. Water heaters with tanks larger than 36" generally include a 12" x 16" manway. In both cases, a Hubbell tank properly maintained will last decades.

What is the difference between solid-state and electromechanical relays?

Depending on the application, one switch may be more advantageous than the other. Please refer to this article to read more about the differences between solid-state and electromechanical relays.

How do I prepare my water heater for long term storage?

The water heater must be stored in the orientation of intended use (vertical, horizontal). The recommended ambient air temperature range is between 50 and 105 degree F and not exceeding 65% Rh. Under no conditions should the unit be subject to freezing temperatures. The unit is intended to be stored indoors, protected from the elements. Desiccant material should be inserted into the electric control panel and heating element terminal house (if applicable). Prolonged storage will require periodic inspection of desiccant. For cement lined tanks only, place approximately 10 gallons of water in the tank before closing and sealing all openings to ensure a humid atmosphere for the lining is maintained. Cap and seal all openings and tank tappings and/or flanges. Provide the necessary protection to ensure the tank and all accessories are protected from physical contact that could result in damage. Shrink wrapping or other suitable protective plastic may be applied to the exterior. Start up and installation guidelines must be followed, with particular attention to testing of the electric heating element.

When is ASME code required?

Engineers and designers should consider all local codes when specifying approval requirements. For an in depth explanation, reference the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors Guide In general, water heater pressure vessels require ASME if the heat input exceeds 200,000 Btu/Hr (58.6kW) or if the storage capacity exceeds 120 gallons. Many water heater manufacturers choose to label and rate their tank 119 gallon to avoid any confusion. However, a tank rated at 120 gallons does not require ASME as code is only required for tanks that exceed 120.

Can I use this model in a marine application?

No. There are specific third party approvals and design features required for a marine grade water heater. Hubbell has marine shipboard models available, please go to the Hubbell model MSH

Are any Federal, State, local or utility incentives available?

Depending upon your location and the type of water heater you select for your application, there may be financial incentives offered by local, state or federal government and/or your local utility. By visiting the following website at Incentives and clicking on your state, you may find available rebates and incentives.

How does the heat trap work?

The Hubbell water heater is constructed with a heat trap installed within the water heater’s hot water outlet connection. This device helps prevent heat from escaping through the storage tank’s hot water outlet during standby periods, resulting in improved operating efficiency. The heat trap is constructed from a specially designed bronze nipple with an internal floating ball that during standby periods of no flow settles and closes off the storage tank thereby preventing thermal conduction of hot water radiating through the hot water outlet.

Can a timer be installed on my Hubbell water heater?

Water heater timers are devices that provide automatic control of electric water heaters. They can be programmed to turn a water heater off or on at times typically set by your local utility. Your local electric utility may have in place an “Off-Peak” or Time-of-Use (TOU) rates which offer a customer the incentive to consume power during certain periods of the day. The Hubbell Model E is available with various timer control options, ranging from programmable 7 day timers to utility specific devices that control the water heater.

What temperature should I set my water heater?

For typical domestic potable hot water service the temperature of your water heater at 125°F is sufficient. This prevents wasted energy (which means cost savings for you) and also decreases the possibility of scalding water burns. If you run out of hot water on this setting, increase the temperature by five degrees incrementally until your hot water needs are met. The goal is to have the temperature set just high enough to meet your needs but within safe operating parameters. Please note that a water heater in and of itself should not be relied upon as the ultimate temperature controlling source for the hot water delivered to your fixtures. Please consult local and state codes for installation of the proper and code approved (ASSE 1016, 1070, 1017) mixing devices to achieve the safe delivery of hot water to the fixtures. For a more complete information please download the whitepaper PDF titled "Understanding Potential Water Heater Scald Hazards" developed by ASSE at the following link ASSE Whitepaper

Do I need to install an insulation blanket?

No. Most new electric water heaters are highly efficient with respect to the amount of heat loss radiating from the storage tank. This is due to the use of “blown in” polyurethane foam insulation as the insulating method for modern tanks, compared to the fiberglass blanket style insulation used by water heater manufacturer’s largely in the past. As such there is little to no benefit, and very possibly a detrimental effect to efficiency, installing an insulation blanket on a new electric water heater constructed with foam insulation.

What is the average life of an electric water heater?

The most important factor related to the life expectancy of a water heater is the quality and type of storage tank. On an average the life expectancy of a glass lined electric water heater is about 10-12 years (according to the National Association of Home Builders 2007 Study of Life Expectancy of Home Components http://www.nahb.org/fileUpload_details.aspx?contentID=99359 ), compared to a cement lined electric water heater’s average life expectancy of 23-26 years (Independent study of over 25,000 installations for an Electric Utility). Of course, there are various other factors that affect longevity including pressure fluctuations, usage, water conditions, environmental conditions, etc.

Is it OK to use softened water with my cement lined tank?

Yes it is OK. A water softener system will not affect the longevity or operation of a Hubbell cement lined water heater tank. A water softener is typically installed when a potable water system has hard water resulting in the need to soften the water. Unfortunately, the salt used in a water softener corrodes the anode rod and exposed steel surfaces of the water heater tank, rapidly causing a glass lined water heater to corrode and leak within a few years. This is an issue for a glass lined water heater due to its reliance on a sacrificial anode, however because a cement lined tank does not use a sacrificial anode softened water is of no concern to the Hubbell cement lined tank.

What is a sacrificial anode and does a cement lined tank need one?

All water heaters constructed using a steel tank requires a lining to protect the internal steel surfaces from corrosion. Certain linings (i.e. glass and epoxy), due to their nature, have unavoidable holes and imperfections resulting in exposure of the steel tank. As a result of this deficiency, the manufacturer will install an anode rod(s) in an attempt to delay corrosion of the steel tank. An anode rod is typically made of aluminum, magnesium or zinc, is a maintenance item that requires periodic inspection and replacement, and is often times the cause of a “rotten egg” odor to your hot water. Often referred to as a sacrificial anode rod because, over time, it slowly dissolves, sacrificing itself as it is attacked by aggressive substances in the water which would otherwise attack the steel tank through the pinholes and imperfections of the glass or epoxy lining. A cement lined steel tank on the other hand does not require an anode because of the thickness and guaranteed 100% coverage of the cement lining over all internal surfaces of the steel tank. This eliminates the need for an anode rod in a cement lined water heater, resulting in a significantly longer life compared to a glass or epoxy lined water heater. For a further discussion please click on the following link Cement Lining

What is the max water temperature setting?

The Hubbell cement lined tank is suitable for storing water up to 194°F. However, it should be noted that your water heater will likely require optional control accessories to achieve this temperature, but there is no concern regarding the ability of the lining to withstand this temperature. Additionally, there are numerous safety concerns that must be considered when storing water at elevated temperature, please consult factory.

Why is there an upper and a lower heating element in my tank?

Hubbell Model E water heaters with 30 gallon storage or more have both upper and lower heating elements in the tank, and models 20 gallon storage and less have one heating element in the tank. The purpose of having two heating elements in a tank is to improve the recovery rating in a water heater of significant storage capacity. Sometimes referred to as a “Quick Recovery” water heater, this configuration allows the upper element to heat a much smaller volume of water (about 25% of the tank's capacity) before the lower element takes over. This provides a small amount of usable hot water quickly while you wait for the bulk of the water to heat. It is worth noting that in the standard dual element design, the upper and lower heating elements are interlocked so that only one can heat at any time, with priority to the upper element. Once the thermostat controlling the upper element is satisfied (i.e. at set point temperature) the lower element is allowed to heat. As an option, you may order your Hubbell water heater with the optional “simultaneous operation” feature which allows each element to operate independently, potentially allowing both to be on at the same time in order to increase the recovery rate of the heater.

What is the difference between surface and immersion thermostats?

A surface thermostat is a bi metallic sensing temperature regulating thermostat that senses the outer wall temperature of the water heater tank. An immersion thermostat is a bulb and capillary style temperature regulating thermostat that senses the water temperature through a dry immersion well in the water. A surface thermostat is adjustable up to a maximum of 170oF and an immersion thermostat adjusts up to a maximum of 194oF. A surface thermostat is typically used in low wattage water heaters, whereas an immersion thermostat is used in high wattage water heaters.

Which is better for me, a tankless or storage type water heater?

It depends. A tankless water heater is sometimes referred to as a Point-of-Use (POU) or instantaneous water heater. Due to the relative small physical size of a tankless water heater compared to a storage tank water heater, a tankless option can be advantageous from a space saving perspective and can sometimes be installed closer to where you want hot water (hence the term POU). However, tankless heaters are not suited for many applications, so it is critical that before choosing to go tankless you have carefully considered all of the factors that sometimes make the tankless option more complicated and risky compared to a storage type water heater. In particular, you should understand the operational characteristics, maintenance requirements, reparability, and sometimes significant installation requirements of a tankless water heater before making a decision. Tankless units do not store heated water like a storage type water heater; they only heat water as there is demand and therefore must be sized to meet the maximum flow for the application. In some cases a tankless water heater may improve operating efficiency, but possibly at the expense of user comfort. Hubbell tankless water heaters are available inElectric Tankless or Gas Tankless.

What is the water pressure drop through the tank?

There is no major restriction of water flow through the Hubbell water heater. Cold water inlet and hot water outlet sizes are available in ¾” and 1-1/2” sizes to accommodate your application. By far, the ¾” size is more than adequate for most applications using a model E water heater. If your flow rate through the water heater is greater than approximately 10 GPM you may want to consider the 1-1/2” connection option (must be specified at time of ordering). As an approximate, pressure drop through any E model water heater with ¾” connections will be <4 psi with a flow rate of <10 GPM, and with 1-1/2” connections the pressure drop will be <3 psi with a flow rate of <20 GPM.

Why is the T&P valve tested to ASME standards (as opposed to CSA)?

The Hubbell water heater is built to and approved by UL to ANSI/UL 174 and CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 110 (1990). These standards require that each assembled water heater be shipped with a factory installed combination temperature and pressure relief valve sized in accordance with ASME requirements. However, if a relief valve sized to CSA is required, you must indicate this at time of requesting a quote for your water heater as this may necessitate a larger opening in the tank to accommodate a larger CSA relief valve. For reference, please see the following link to an article on this subject Here

Do I need a drain pan under my heater?

Yes, Hubbell advises that a drip pan with a proper drainage connection be installed under your water heater. In some locations drip pans are required by code and in other situations they are highly recommended, but not required. In either case, if a water heater leak or a dripping relief valve could result in property damage then a drip pan must be installed under the water heater, even when not required by code.

Is there a cold water dip tube in the Hubbell tank?

Not exactly. The Hubbell cement lined tank includes a cold water diffuser integrated into the cold water connection which allows incoming cold water to be introduced into the tank in a controlled and non turbulent manner, thus avoiding premature mixing of cold water with the hot water in the tank. On Hubbell cement lined tanks the cold water inlet/diffuser is located on the side in the lower portion of the tank. Therefore, a Hubbell cement lined tank does not require a long dip tube extending all the way from the top to the bottom of the tank as is common in glass lined tanks.

How does my water heater ship?

All Hubbell storage type water heaters ship via common carrier and are classified by the Commodity Classification Standards Board under National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) class 100. Each water heater is palletized and wood crated. All Hubbell tankless water heaters, when transported using common carrier, ship class 77.5. To provide the lowest transportation cost, in most cases the shipment is made on Hubbell’s account and the freight cost is added to the invoice, commonly referred to as “Pre pay and add”. For very large shipments, the most economical method (LTL or Dedicated Truck) for transporting the water heaters to the final destination will be analyzed by Hubbell's transportation department.

What is the Energy Factor (EF) rating?

The Energy Factor (EF) rating represents the efficiency of the water heater. The higher the EF, the more efficient the water heater unit. Hubbell Model E water heaters are classified by the Department of Energy as residential water heaters and are rated by an Energy Factor (EF) ranging from 0.80 to 0.92. The higher the EF, the more the heater transfers energy to the water using less energy. Please note that the use of R values as a measure of efficiency is incomplete and does therefore does not accurately capture a water heater’s true efficiency as does the EF rating. For additional information check out the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) website at AHRI as well as the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) website at ACEEE

Why is Hydrastone Cement a better choice over glass lining?

Cement lining provides guaranteed 100% coverage with a minimum thickness of 0.5” over all internal tank surfaces. In comparison, glass lining is approximately 0.005” thick and includes imperfections, pinholes and variation in coverage thickness resulting in portions of unprotected steel tank exposed to corrosion. In an attempt to compensate, glass lined tanks include a sacrificial anode in an effort to slow down the corrosion of the tank. Cement lined tanks on the other hand do not require an anode due to the integrity of the lining. As such, a cement lined tank will far outlast a glass lined tank. For a more complete explanation of the benefits of the Hubbell cement lining please click on the following link Cement Lining

What does 3 phase Open Delta wiring mean to me?

Without getting into a lengthy discourse on electricity, the simple answer is that any water heater internally wired in a 3 phase open delta configuration is unbalanced, meaning that the amperage drawn by one of the three legs is high and unequal to the other two legs. This unbalanced water heater can have a detrimental effect on a buildings power system and therefore needs to be carefully understood before you install a water heater configured for 3 phase open delta. It should be noted that the branch circuit protection (i.e. circuit breaker) servicing a 3 phase open delta water heater needs to be sized for the high amperage leg. The Hubbell model E is available up to a maximum of 12kw in 3 phase open delta wiring. Alternatively, the Hubbell model SE is a balanced 3 phase water heater, meaning that all three legs draw equal amperage. The Model SE is available up to 58kw click here details Model SE

Why is a cement lined tank a better choice than stainless steel tank?

In almost all cases, a cement lined steel tank is a more robust tank compared to stainless steel. The weakness of a stainless steel tank is in the materials susceptibility to SCC (Stress Corrosion Cracking) caused by chlorides, bromides, iodides and fluorides in the water. The combination of residual stresses from welding, roll forming and stamping, and the cyclic stress from operating in a hot water system are sources of tensile stress, that when above a certain threshold stress, will make a stainless steel water heater tank susceptible to stress corrosion cracking. Cement lined steel tanks are not susceptible to this condition, and therefore are more resistant to corrosion and withstand the pressure and temperature cyclical operation of a water heater.

When should I specify an immersion thermostat?

An immersion thermostat should be specified when the desired operating temperature either is below 110F or above 170F, or the water heater is to be used in an unusual application that is outside of the normal operating parameters of a typical domestic water heater. Otherwise, the type of thermostat (surface or immersion) is determined by Hubbell as is appropriate for the kw and storage tank size of the water heater.

Is this model approved by Massachusetts?

For the current listing of all Hubbell models approved by the Massachusetts Board of Plumbers and Gas Fitters please see the chart below or visit the website directly at http://license.reg.state.ma.us/pubLic/pl_products/pb_product.asp?mnf_id=2779.
MA Plumbing Approval NumberHubbell ModelExpiration Date
P3-0914-61HD, J, V, PS, SLN, T9/3/2017
P1-1114-201EMV, CR, R, JTX, ETX, TX11/5/2017
P3-0813-66CE110, SE, E, HE, SH, H8/7/2016
G1-0813-4GX, DGX, JBX, JGX, CX8/7/2016

Is American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) approval needed?

Equipment and specifically water heaters for use in commercial marine applications require special construction features to ensure longevity and proper operation in a marine environment. In addition, the water heater must be constructed in conformance to the Code of Federal Regulations USCG 46 CFR Part 53.01 and the pressure vessel must be designed and constructed to the proper ASME code and stamped. A Hubbell marine water heater is manufactured under a Certificate of Manufacturing Assessment as issued by American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) Here

Is 277 volt 3 phase voltage available for a water heater?

For all water heaters 277V is only an available option in 1PH, not 3PH. The 277V 1PH voltage is a derivation of your existing 480V 3Ph power. Where 480V is the line to line voltage on a 3 phase system and 277V is the voltage from any one of these lines to neutral, thus making the 277V power available in 1PH only.

What is the R value of a Hubbell water heater?

Hubbell uses a blown-in polyurethane foam insulation for all cement lined water heaters and tanks up to 150 gallon capacity. This insulation has an R value of 7.2 per inch. Most Hubbell tanks have a minimum of 2 inches of insulation resulting in an R value of 14. Certain models are available either standard or as an option with 3 inch insulation and therefore have an R value of 21. Large storage water heater tanks over 150 gallon capacity and custom made stainless steel or alloy tanks have either 2" or 3" fiberglass insulation with an R value of 3.5 per inch.

What type of venting can I use?

The Hubbell gas tankless heater can be vented with PVC, CPVC or Polypropylene. Please see Installation, Operation and Maintenance manual for complete venting details.

Why Hubbell recommends 300 series versus duplex stainless steel?

While it is true that duplex stainless steel typically offers higher strength and resistance to Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) and chloride corrosion compared to austenitic (300 series) stainless steel, there are other factors that ultimately make it a less desirable choice compared to 300 series stainless steel. Duplex stainless steel makes up only 1% of the stainless steel market making it less readily available and higher cost especially in flanges, fittings and formed parts such as tank heads. While it is commonly stated that this added expense is offset by the ability to use material that is thinner due to the higher strength, this only applies to very large tanks where a reduction results in using a lower common plate thickness. As an example, a thickness reduction of 25% for a tank that is 3/16" thick in 300 series stainless steel still results in using the common 3/16" thick plate size in duplex stainless steel. The higher strength of duplex also has the negative result of decreased formability and machinability, adding cost to the fabrication and production process. In terms of welding, duplex stainless steel presents many problems in maintaining the proper two phase mixture which commonly leads to issues in the Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) such as loss of corrosion resistance, toughness, and post-weld cracking. This is true in all duplex stainless steel welding processes including TIG, MIG and Laser. By comparison the process of welding austenitic stainless steel is much more forgiving. The main weakness of austenitic stainless steel is its susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) and chloride corrosion. Three factors that all must all be present cause this type of corrosion: elevated heat, the presence of chlorides, and residual stresses. In water heaters elevated heat and the presence of chlorides cannot be controlled. However, post-weld heat treating in a vacuum furnace followed by cooling in an inert atmosphere relieves the residual stresses in austenitic stainless steel tanks and therefore eliminates the susceptibility to this corrosion. For this reason, this post-weld heat procedure is performed on all Hubbell stainless steel tanks. The heat treating process is highly controlled and verifiable, unlike the difficult to control process of welding duplex stainless steel. Therefore, Hubbell offers stainless steel tanks fabricated from the 300 series (typically Type 304L or 316L) only, as this is a far more proven and verifiable material and fabrication process which will result in longer tank life. Of course, an alternative option is to specify the Hubbell cement lined steel tank which also provides a considerably longer life and is a more economical solution compared to duplex stainless steel and 300 series stainless steel.

Do Hubbell water heaters qualify as Low Lead?

Yes, all Hubbell water heater models qualify as meeting the low lead requirements of the “Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act” amendment to the “Safe Drinking Water Act” (SDWA) Section 1417(d) effective as of January 4, 2014. Hubbell certifies that its water heaters meet the following requirements of the SDWA and therefore are qualified and certified as Low Lead : (a)Hubbell water heater do not contain more than 0.2 percent lead with respect to solder and flux (b)Hubbell water heaters do not contain more than a weighted average of 0.25 percent lead with respect to all wetted surfaces of the water heater

Can my cement lined tank be damaged during installation and handling?

Although we don’t advocate dropping our tanks sometimes stuff happens. The Hubbell Hydrastone cement lining is a minimum of 1/2"thick (100 times thicker than a glass lined tank) and is guaranteed to uniformly cover 100% of all internal tank surfaces. Basically the Hubbell cement lining is a tank within a tank and should have no problem withstanding the rigors of shipping and installation. Although not necessry, you can specify an optional hand hole on our smaller tanks (150 gallon and under) to provide a means for inspection and repair. Water heaters with tanks larger than 36" generally include a 12" x 16" manway. In both cases, a Hubbell tank properly maintained will last decades.

What is the difference between solid-state and electromechanical relays?

Depending on the application, one switch may be more advantageous than the other. Please refer to this article to read more about the differences between solid-state and electromechanical relays.

How do I prepare my water heater for long term storage?

The water heater must be stored in the orientation of intended use (vertical, horizontal). The recommended ambient air temperature range is between 50 and 105 degree F and not exceeding 65% Rh. Under no conditions should the unit be subject to freezing temperatures. The unit is intended to be stored indoors, protected from the elements. Desiccant material should be inserted into the electric control panel and heating element terminal house (if applicable). Prolonged storage will require periodic inspection of desiccant. For cement lined tanks only, place approximately 10 gallons of water in the tank before closing and sealing all openings to ensure a humid atmosphere for the lining is maintained. Cap and seal all openings and tank tappings and/or flanges. Provide the necessary protection to ensure the tank and all accessories are protected from physical contact that could result in damage. Shrink wrapping or other suitable protective plastic may be applied to the exterior. Start up and installation guidelines must be followed, with particular attention to testing of the electric heating element.

When is ASME code required?

Engineers and designers should consider all local codes when specifying approval requirements. For an in depth explanation, reference the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors Guide In general, water heater pressure vessels require ASME if the heat input exceeds 200,000 Btu/Hr (58.6kW) or if the storage capacity exceeds 120 gallons. Many water heater manufacturers choose to label and rate their tank 119 gallon to avoid any confusion. However, a tank rated at 120 gallons does not require ASME as code is only required for tanks that exceed 120.

Warranty

Hubbell shall warranty all electrical components against defects in workmanship and material for a period of one (1) year from date of start-up, and the pressure vessel for a full five (5) years Non Pro-Rated (Square Optional: Full ten (10) yeas Non Pro-Rated) from date of start-up, provided that the unit is started within three (3) months of date of shipment and installed and operated within the scope of the tank design and operating capability. Labor is not covered under warranty. Each heater shall be shipped with a complete set of installation and operating instructions including spare parts list and approved drawings.

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Hubbell's Quality Policy

Hubbell, The Electric Heater Company, is committed to providing high-quality products and services that meet or exceed the customer's expectations and requirements. The Company is dedicated to achieving this objective through implementation, monitoring, and continuous improvement of a Quality Management System that complies with the international ISO 9001 standard.

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